About half of all newborns develop tiny (1-2mm) white spots on their face. These are called milia.
These are just blocked sweat pores. They usually clear within the first four weeks of life.
Half of all new-borns develop a blotchy red marks with small bumps and weal’s scattered over face and rest of the body. This is called erythema toxicum. This is usually seen at two or three days old. It's a normal new-born rash that won't bother your baby and clears after a few days.
Cradle cap is where yellowish, greasy, scaly patches develop on a baby's scalp. Occasionally, as well as the scalp, the face, ears and neck are also affected
Things you can do to try and get rid of cradle cap:
Nappy rash occurs when the skin around the baby's nappy area becomes irritated. It occurs due to a combination of moist environment, chemical irritants and friction.
You can usually reduce nappy rash by taking simple steps to keep your baby's skin clean and dry by frequent nappy changes. If the rash is causing your baby discomfort, your health visitor or pharmacist can recommend a nappy rash cream to treat it.
Antifungal cream may be necessary if the rash is caused by a fungal infection. For futher information see Nappy rash - NHS
Baby acne (neonatal acne)
Baby acne usually develops about two to four weeks after birth. Tiny red or white bumps appear on the baby’s cheeks, nose, and forehead, which may be surrounded by red skin. The cause is unknown. It typically clears up on its own in about three to four months without leaving marks.
Regular home care should be enough to treat baby acne:
If you’re concerned that your baby’s acne isn’t going away, your doctor can recommend or prescribe safe treatments
Eczema is a dry skin condition which causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked.
The most common form is atopic eczema. It mainly affects babies and children but can continue into adulthood.
Creams and ointments can often relieve the symptoms.
Please see our information on eczema in the dedicated webpage
photo used with permission from DermNetNZ.org
Sweat rash (miliaria)
A heat rash is sometimes called miliaria or prickly heat. It may flare up when your baby sweats. For example, because they're dressed in too many clothes or the environment is hot and humid.
It's a sign your baby's sweat glands have become blocked.
They may develop tiny red bumps or blisters on their skin, but these will soon clear without treatment.